Primarily based on this construction, hair sorts fall into 4 texture-based classes: straight, wavy, curly, and kinky. Dr. Dominic Burg, trichologist and chief scientist for évolis Skilled, explains that inside every group, hair is then outlined much more particularly in accordance with three varieties of density: “It is based mostly on fairly a easy classification that appears on the strand high quality and form—are your strands skinny/superb, medium or coarse,” he says. “Hair that falls into the curly and wavy sorts are usually categorised in accordance with the coil form and tightness greater than the hair shaft thickness.”
These over-simplified classes turn out to be useful when figuring out deal with and magnificence your mane. “We categorize your hair to grasp look after it finest,” says Dianna Cohen, the founder and CEO of recent haircare start-up Crown Affair. “Treating your Kind 2 hair with made-for Kind 4 merchandise might depart it over-moisturized and weighed down, whereas a Kind 4 gal borrowing a regime from a Kind 3 buddy might make her hair really feel dry and brittle with out the right moisture.”
It’s undoubtedly not a precise science—hair modifications as we do, and is commonly affected by dynamic elements resembling age, setting, and bodily well being. It’s additionally all about perspective: “One professional could categorize your waves as 2A whereas one other may say 2B, so it could take a little bit of trial-and-error to find your splendid quantity and regime,” Cohen says. “The top objective right here is to have a connection together with your hair, whereas additionally perfecting your routine, so your hair is each uniquely you and wildly wholesome.”
You actually do not want a professional to determine your hair sort. Cohen recommends washing your hair and letting it air dry naturally with no merchandise or therapies. Then, cross-check the top outcome with the 12 classes under.
The 12 Completely different Hair Sorts
Kind 1: Straight
The primary sort of hair is among the best to determine, however nonetheless accommodates a variety of textures. Kind 1’s sub-categories are outlined primarily on how simply the hair holds a curl (largely from the feel of every strand).
1A: Wonderful and silky, 1A hair dries straight and normally struggles to carry a curl.
1B: Any such hair has a fuller pure quantity and should curl up on the ends, however has no “actual” waves.
1C: This hair is usually straight with a number of waves hiding out. 1C holds curls exceptionally nicely, however is susceptible to frizz.
Professional Tip: “In case your hair is straighter, brushing would be the cornerstone of your routine. Every day brushing helps maintain your hair wholesome and clear, so go take a couple of minutes each morning or evening to brush all of it out,” says Cohen.
Kind 2: Wavy
Kind 2 hair isn’t precisely straight, but additionally not precisely curly. It dries someplace in between and, relying on its density, can have roughly S-shaped curls all through.
2A: Hair is ok and silky, however dries with just a little extra quantity or unfastened wave.
2B: That basic, beachy look with a medium-texture and just a little bit extra frizz. These waves thrive with a hands-off method.
2C: Any such wavy hair is the thickest and should have a number of curls scattered right here and there; 2C hair advantages from finger styling and just a little additional moisture.
Professional Tip: “Wavy sorts can profit from quantity and moisture, so search for merchandise that present a stability of those components,” says Dr. Burg.
Kind 3: Curly
Calling all curly ladies. This hair ranges from mild ringlets to huge spirals and, given its form and texture, tends to be probably the most delicate in relation to frizz, product overuse, and warmth injury.
3A: These are the biggest curls and are sometimes blended in with some waves. As a result of 3A is on the finer aspect, it’s comparatively straightforward to model and blow out, which implies it requires just a little additional TLC in relation to warmth.
3B: These tighter curls can vary in dimension and maintain their form when pulled out (in contrast to 3A); 3B hair is a little more coarse, which implies it’s normally full and prone to frizz.
3C: 3C curls are thick, pronounced, corkscrew curls that normally start to develop out and away from the roots earlier than cascading down.
Professional Tip: “With improper care, the pure fall of the hair shafts is disrupted, so it’s finest to not combat curly hair however assist it discover its form,” says Dr. Burg. “Curly hair is finest styled with fingers, fairly than brushes when damp or moist. Depart in conditioners, hair masks, and refined use of styling merchandise when the hair is damp will permit the curls to naturally discover their form, whereas sustaining shine and stopping frizz.”
Kind 4: Kinky
Lastly, Kind 4 hair is coiled, filled with texture, and can also be the commonest hair sort present in Black ladies. Given its construction, it is normally susceptible to dryness and loves some severe hydration.
4A: These are tightly coiled curls that develop out and away from the roots. Since they’re smaller, they have a tendency to retain moisture a bit higher however can nonetheless be thirsty.
4B: Kind 4B hair isn’t S-shaped like different curls and as an alternative zigs and zags in several instructions. It’s additionally normally extra frizzy, and advantages from an oil or different frizz-control product.
4C: This hair is dense with excessive quantity. It’s kinky and tightly-wound with no definitive curl sample and, like different Kind 4s, advantages from warmth safety and hydration.
Professional Tip: “Kind 4 hair is all about hydration and moisture, says Cohen who recommends working conditioner by hair with a wide-tooth comb and ending with a hair oil on the ends to carry moisture. It’s also possible to use hair oil to un-do twists with a view to assist cut back frizz, she says.
Once more, discovering your hair sort and constructing your respective routine may take some experimenting. Hair, like all the things else, is extraordinarily personalised, and you need to discover what works for you. Use these classes as a information to wholesome, completely satisfied tendrils, however the extra you discover and familiarize your self with your individual hair, the higher your outcomes shall be.
Need extra professional hair suggestions? Learn what a trichologist has to say about all of your conditioner myths, right here. Plus, the three telltale indicators you may have to breakup together with your shampoo…